Goal 3. Advance Knowledge of Arctic Natural Resources: A Focus on Renewable Energy
In light of the high cost of petroleum products in rural Arctic communities and the adverse effects of their combustion or spillage, research is needed to adapt viable and cost-competitive carbon-free energy technologies (e.g., geothermal, hydroelectric, tidal, wind, solar, microgrid) and control systems for local use.
Pressure to develop non-renewable Arctic energy resources will continue to rise because they are abundant, in demand, and constitute the basis of many Arctic economies. Further research is warranted to assess the distribution, quantity, and quality of these resources and to improve the means to develop, recover, and safely transport them.
Climate-change-mitigation opportunities exist beyond renewable energy. Research is needed to improve energy efficiency and conservation, fuel switching technologies, and consumer behavior.
- Assess and characterize renewable and non-renewable energy sources and technology options to identify their potential use in Arctic communities and how to adapt them accordingly.
- Investigate options in the energy sector to mitigate climate change and better understand the role that renewables can play in the changing Arctic climate regime.
- Examine how the Arctic region can serve as a test bed for innovative infrastructure development, such as energy microgrids and battery energy storage systems.